Statistics

Asthma

  • CDC reports 24 million people in the U.S. had asthma in 20141
    • 17.7 million adults aged 18 and over (7.4%)
    • 6.3 million children aged 0–17 years (8.6%)
  • Females have higher asthma prevalence than males (9.0% compared with 6.3%)1

  • CDC data reports 10.5 million physician office visits for children5; 1.3 million outpatient visits (all ages)7; and 1.8 million emergency department visits for asthma (all ages)8 and 439,000 hospital discharges with asthma as first-listed diagnosis (all ages)11

  • Number of asthma deaths per year: 3,6309
    • 34% higher among females than males10  
    • 75% higher for black persons than white persons10
    • 6.3 times higher for adults (over 18) than children10
  • Average length of hospital stay: 3.6 days11

  • Almost 50% of children with asthma miss one or more school days a year: a total of 13.8 million school days2 per year

  • 14.2 million work days10 a year are missed by people with asthma

  • $56 billion in healthcare costs and lost productivity12

  • 3 in 5 people with asthma limit their physical activity13

  • 1 in 5 children with asthma went to an emergency department for asthma-related care in 200913

  • 71% of patients misuse their metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), according to assessment of inhalation technique23

Environmental Allergies

  • 8.0 percent (19.1 million) of adults over age 18 in the U.S. have respiratory allergies4

  • 8.4 percent (6.1 million) of children in the U.S. have respiratory allergies3

  • 11.6 percent of children in the U.S. have skin allergies3

Food Allergy

  • Research shows about 8% of children – 1 in 12 – has food allergy24

  • 30.4% of food allergic children are allergic to more than one food24
  • 40% of food allergic children have experienced at least one severe reaction24
  • The cost of food allergy is estimated to be $24.8 billion annually in the U.S.24
  • In 2007, 29% of children who had a food allergy also had asthma14

  • Eight types of food account for 90% of all food allergies: cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, soybeans, and wheat14

  • 16% of children with food allergies have had allergic reactions to accidental ingestion of food allergens while in school15

  • 25% of anaphylaxis reactions in schools occur among students without previous food allergy diagnosis16

  • Food allergies account for 30% of all cases of anaphylaxis17

  • Food allergies account for 150-200 fatalities per year18

  • Fatal food anaphylaxis is most often caused by peanut (50-62%) and tree nuts (15-30%)19

Insect Sting Allergy

  • 40 people die each year as a result of insect stings20

  • Life- threatening reactions to insect stings occur in 0.4% – 0.8% of children and 3% of adults20

Latex Allergy

  • 8-12% of healthcare workers have latex allergy21

  • 1-6% of the general public have latex allergy21

Drug Allergy

  • Anaphylactic reactions to penicillin cause 400 deaths22

  • Penicillin is the most common cause of drug induced anaphylaxis17

 

  1. 2014 National Health Interview Survey; National Center for Health Statistics; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. 2013 National Health Interview Survey; National Center for Health Statistics; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  3. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2014; National Center for Health Statistics; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  4. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2014; National Center for Health Statistics; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;

  5. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2012; National Center for Health Statistics data brief Series 10, Number 258; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  6. National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS): 2010 Summary Tables, table 13; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  7. National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS): 2010 Outpatient Department Summary Tables, table 11; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  8. National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS): 2011 Emergency Department Summary Tables; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  9. National Vital Statistics Report (NVSR) “Deaths: Final Data for 2013”; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  10. National Surveillance of Asthma: United States, 2001-2010, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 3, Number 35, November 2012, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  11. National Hospital Discharge Survey: 2010 table, Average length of stay and days of care; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  12. Asthma Facts–CDC’s National Asthma Control Program Grantees; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013

  13. Asthma’s Impact on the Nation, 9/23/2013; National Asthma Control Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  14. Branum AM, Lukacs SL; Food allergy among U.S. children: Trends in prevalence and hospitalizations; NCHS data brief, No. 10; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008

  15. Sicherer SH, Furlong TJ, DeSimone J, Sampson HA. The US Peanut and Tree Nut Allergy Registry: characteristics of reactions in schools and day care. Journal of Pediatrics 2001 Apr;138(4):560–565

  16. McIntre CL, Sheetz AH, Carroll CR, Young MC. Administration of epinephrine for life-threatening allergic reactions in school settings. Journal of Pediatrics 2005; 116(5): 1134-1140

  17. The diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis practice parameter: 2010 Update J Allergy Clin Immunol. Sept 2010.

  18. Sampson HA. Anaphylaxis and emergency treatment. Pediatrics 2003;111:1601-08

  19. Keet CA, Wood RA. Food allergy and anaphylaxis. Immunol Allergy Clin N Am. 2007;27:193-212

  20. Stinging insect hypersensitivity: A practice parameter update 2011. J Allergy Clin Immunol. Vol 27, No. 4

  21. Latex Allergy: What’s the Problem? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, accessed 4/314/2016.

  22. Neugut AL, Ghatak AT and Miller RL. Anaphylaxis in the United States: An investigation into its epidemiology. Archives of Internal Medicine 61 (1): 15-21. 2001.

  23. Giraud V, Roche N. Misuse of corticosteroid metered-dose inhaler is associated with decreased asthma stability. European Respiratory Journal 2002 Feb;19(2):246-51.
  24. Gupta RS, Springston EE, Warrier MR, Smith B, Kumar R, Pongracic J, Holl JL. The Prevalence, Severity, and Distribution of Childhood Food Allergy in the United States. Pediatrics 128 (1)

UPDATED APRIL 14, 2016