Take the Bite Out of Insect Stings
McLean, VA, July 14, 2015 – Lazy, hazy days of summer may bring relaxation and recreation for many – but for insects in our midst, it’s time to pick up the pace, build nests and reproduce. And woe to those who get in the way of their stingers!
If you know you’re going to be in stinging insect territory – whether in the woods, at the beach or the local park, Tonya Winders, Allergy & Asthma Network President and CEO and mother of five children, offers five tips:
- Wear light-colored clothing and skip flowery perfume, so bees don’t mistake you for a flower.
- Keep food and drinks covered – and check before sipping to make sure no insect is inside your soda can.
- Picnic as far away from trash cans as possible.
- If you do find bees or yellow jackets flying around you, walk away slowly; do not swat at them.
- When in Southern states, steer clear of fire ant nests: mounds of dirt up to 12 inches high.
“I am allergic to fire ants myself,” says Winders, who has lived in fire ant territory for years, “so I always carry two epinephrine auto-injectors. Fortunately, I’ve not had to use them.”
“Most people who are stung never have anything more than a local reaction – swelling, itching and irritation at the site of the sting,” says Waterbury, CT, allergist Christopher Randolph, MD, a member of The Network’s Anaphylaxis Community Expert (ACE) program and co-author of the Joint Task Force on Insect Sting Guidelines. “However, if you experience a generalized reaction, such as hives (a rash) apart from the sting site, or any difficulty breathing, stomach upset, rapid heartbeat, or dizziness, seek medical help immediately.
“Use an epinephrine auto-injector and get follow-up care as soon as possible. Don’t wait to see what happens, as anaphylaxis (a life-threatening allergic reaction) can progress very quickly. Once at the ER, patients should be observed for at least four hours, since symptoms can recur.”
Randolph says everyone who experiences a generalized reaction to an insect sting should see a board-certified allergist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan, often including immunotherapy (allergy shots).
“Immunotherapy is proven to help develop a tolerance to insect sting, so if you are stung again your symptoms will be mild or non-existent,” Randolph explains. “We recommend it for anyone who experiences a generalized, or systemic, reaction and whose subsequent allergy tests are positive for sting. Many people shy away from allergy shots because of the discomfort and inconvenience, but a few years of treatment will give you a lifetime without fear.”
The Network’s award-winning ACE program features teams of volunteer physicians, nurses and community workers across the country offering free educational programs about anaphylaxis diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
ABOUT Allergy & Asthma Network
Allergy & Asthma Network is the leading national nonprofit organization dedicated to ending needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions. The Network specializes in sharing family friendly, medically accurate information through its award-winning publication Allergy & Asthma Today magazine, its web site at AllergyAsthmaNetwork.org and numerous community outreach programs. Follow on Facebook and Twitter at @AllergyAsthmaHQ.
The national, award-winning Anaphylaxis Community Experts (ACE) program is developed by Allergy & Asthma Network and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI), sponsored by Mylan Specialty, LP.